A charming town in the northern Rif mountains of Morocco, the Chefchaouen medina was painted blue in the 1930s by Jewish refugees who settled here. The language on the medina streets is dareja, of course, and berber dialects, and Spanish is the romance language of choice. The Andalusian influences in architecture and language came with Jews and Muslims who fled Spain and settled here in the late 1400s.
According to our Lonely Planet, Chefchaouen means “look, mountain!” From the Arabic chouf, meaning look, and chaouen, meaning peaks, or mountains, or perhaps horns. This may be apocryphal, but the little town down does rest on the steep slopes of Jebel el-Kalaa. Even the sheep enjoy glorious views.